The Pyramids were built to have smooth, angled sides, symbolising the rays of the Sun; their distinct design was a way to help the king’s soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, particularly the Sun god Ra.
Located in an ancient burial ground called Saqqara, the Step Pyramid is the oldest known pyramid in Egypt and was built around 2630 BC.
The Great Pyramid (one of three collectively called the Great Pyramids of Giza), built in 2584 BC and located just outside of modern-day Cairo on the west bank of the River Nile, is the largest pyramid in the world and stands at 147 metres (481.4 feet).
For twenty years, one hundred thousand people worked on the Great Pyramid’s structure for three months of each year during the Nile’s annual flood when it was impossible to farm the land and most of the population was unemployed.
The Sphinx and Great Pyramid of Egypt, Cairo, Egypt
The prominent ancient Egyptian pharaoh, Tutankhamun, was only eight or nine when he became ruler of his country; it had been estimated that he ruled from 1333 BC to 1324 BC.
Want to call your family or friends in Egypt? You’ll need to use the international dialling code +20.
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