Uranus has intrigued astronomers for centuries, but many people don’t share the same fascination. We guarantee that you’ll be curious about this icy planet once you read these 19 unique facts about Uranus.
Fast Facts about Planet Uranus
1. Uranus Is an Ice Giant
Most people think that the solar system has four gas giants. The fact is, the solar system has only two gas giants, Jupiter and Saturn. Uranus and Neptune are classified as ice giants, meaning, they are made of icy materials above a solid, rocky core. Uranus is the bigger of the two.
2. Uranus Deserves the Name “Giant”
It’s no wonder that Uranus is called a “giant” planet. As the third-largest planet in the solar system, Uranus as an equatorial circumference of 159,354.1 km, compared to the Earth’s 40,030.2 km. If the Earth were the size of an apple, then Uranus would be the size of a basketball.
Uranus is the fourth heaviest planet, with a mass of 8.68 x 1025 kg. But despite its size, Uranus isn’t dense. In fact, Uranus is the second least dense planet after Saturn.
3. It’s the Second-Farthest Planet from the Sun
When Pluto lost its classification as a planet in 2006, Uranus became the second-farthest planet from the Earth, as well as the sun. Uranus is 2.93 billion km away from the Earth and 2.95 billion km away from the sun. However, because planets are frequently in motion, these distances change constantly.
4. It Can’t Be Seen by the Naked Eye
It’s hard to see Uranus without the aid of a telescope. Most people could only see the five brightest planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn), while Uranus and Neptune are beyond the reach of the naked eye.
In fact, Uranus is the first important celestial body to be discovered using a telescope. In 1781, astronomer William Herschel used his new telescope and came across a “star” that wasn’t plotted in the charts. Initially called a comet, Uranus was universally accepted as a planet two years later.
5. It’s a Cold, Icy Planet
Because it’s an ice giant, Uranus doesn’t have a rock-solid surface as Earth does. Instead, its surface has swirling icy fluids. In fact, Uranus’ planetary temperature is at least -224.2°C (-371.56°F), and in some regions, Uranus is colder than Neptune, which is farther from the sun. No metal spacecraft would survive these temperatures.
6. Uranus Has Supersonic Winds, Too
Not only is Uranus chilly; it’s windy, too. Wind speeds reach 560 km/h (560mph) — much more powerful than the winds on Earth, which reach a maximum of 400 km/h (250 mph).
7. It Rotates in the Opposite Direction
Uranus is one of two planets that rotate on the opposite direction as Earth (the other being Venus). The planet spins from east to west and completes a rotation in 17 hours and 14 minutes. This means that a day on Uranus is about 7 hours shorter than a day on Earth.
8. Uranus Spins on Its Side
What sets Uranus apart from other planets is that it spins on its side, giving it a funny, sideways look. Uranus has an axial tilt of 97.77°. This is also the reason Uranus’ rings seem to be upright in some illustrations of the solar system, unlike Saturn’s rings, which are tilted to an angle.
9. Uranus Orbits the Sun Once in 84 Earth Years
Uranus makes a complete trip around the sun in 30,687 Earth days or about 84 Earth years.
10. Some Parts Receive Sunlight for 42 Years
Uranus’ unique, sideways tilt means that its north and south poles experience extreme seasons. Since Uranus lies on its side, its poles are located where the Earth’s equator would be. One of the poles faces the sun directly, resulting in about 42 years of direct sunlight, followed by 42 years of darkness.
11. We Can’t Live on Uranus
Uranus isn’t hospitable to life. Its freezing temperatures and high pressures make it impossible for humans to settle there. Even a spacecraft won’t find anywhere to land because the surface is icy liquid.
Fun History Facts about Uranus
12. Uranus Is the Only Planet Named after a Greek God
Another little-known fact is that Uranus got its name from a Greek deity, unlike other planets’ names, which came from Roman gods. In Greek mythology, Uranus was the god of the sky, the father of Cronus (whose Roman equivalent is Saturn) and grandfather of Zeus (whose Roman counterpart is Jupiter).
13. Its Name Was Supposed to be Georgian Sidus
Uranus’ discoverer Herschel proposed the name Georgian Sidus after King George III. But the name wasn’t popular among the scientific community. Another astronomer, Johan Bode, proposed the name Uranus, which was accepted and finalised.
14. Uranus Might Have Collided with Another Planet
Uranus’ strange planetary characteristics might have resulted from a massive collision with another object. A protoplanet about twice the Earth’s size might have crashed into Uranus about 4 billion years ago, causing it to tilt sideways.
15. NASA Came Close to Uranus Once
NASA’s Voyager 2 spacecraft flew close to Uranus in January 1986. Apart from taking thousands of photos, Voyager 2 also discovered 11 moons and two rings.
The Rings and Moons of Uranus
16. Uranus Has 13 Rings
Uranus has 13 rings divided into two sets. The inner ring system comprises narrow, grey rings, while the outer ring system consists of one reddish and one bluish ring.
17. Uranus Has 27 Moons
The 27 moons of Uranus are:
The inner moons of Uranus are half water-and-ice and half rock. Meanwhile, the composition of the outer rings remains unknown, but scientists theorise that they are likely captured asteroids.
18. Uranus’ Moons Are Named After Literary Characters
The names of other planets’ moons came from Greek or Roman gods, but Uranus is different. Its moons got their names from characters written by William Shakespeare and Alexander Pope.
19. Titania is Uranus’ Largest Moon
Uranus’ largest moon is Titania, which is about 2.2 times smaller than the Earth’s moon.
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