- Guatemala is an ancient, beautiful and biologically significant country in Central America.
- Evidence of the first human settlements in Guatemala date back to around 12,000BC!
- It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west and Belize, Honduras and El Salvador to the east. It also has a coastline along the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
Flag of Guatemala
- The coordinates for Guatemala are 14.6133° N, 90.5353°
- The terrain here is mostly mountainous with narrow coastal plains; it truly is beautiful!
- The total land area of Guatemala is 42,042 square miles (108,889 square kilometres).
- Despite its relatively small size, Guatemala is actually home to 33 volcanoes! We hope they’re not all active!
- Guatemala’s population was 17.25 million in 2018.
- It is alleged that around half the population are direct descendants of Mayans… wow!
- The Guatemalans boast such creations as chocolate and blue denim! Thanks Guatemala!
- Guatemala is home to a grand total of 3 UNESCO World Heritage sites, with around 21 other sites marked as ‘Tentative’!
- The capital is Guatemala City, which covers an area of 267 square miles (692 square kilometres) and has a population of 3.2 million (2012).
- The average life span here is 66 years.
- The climate of Guatemala is tropical, with hot and humid weather in the lowlands, whilst the highlands are temperate with sometimes freezing temperatures.
- The official language of Guatemala is Spanish, although there are around 20 different Mayan dialects still spoken here!
- Guatemalan Quetzal is the official currency here – make sure you take enough spending money to buy lots of cultural treats and trinkets!
- Guatemala grows sugarcane, coffee, corn and bananas and rears cattle.
- Its industry consists of tourism, sugar, textiles, clothing, furniture and chemicals.
- Guatemala also exports coffee, sugar, fruits, vegetables, cardamom and meat.
Do you know any interesting or fun facts about Guatemala that we’ve missed? Share them here in the comments section below!
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