interesting facts about Eritrea

22 Exhilarating Facts about Eritrea

Looking to increase your chances of being crowned the next pub quiz team winners? Brush up on your worldly knowledge, starting with these 22 interesting facts about Eritrea!

Geographical stats…

  1. Eritrea is a beautiful, hot and sunny country in East Africa.
  2. It is bordered by Djibouti to the southeast, Ethiopia to the south and Sudan to the west; it also has a coastline along the Red Sea to the east.
  3. To experience Eritrea for yourself, head for the coordinates of 15.3333° N, 38.9167° E.
Facts about Eritrea

Flag of Eritrea

  1. The terrain here is mixed, with coastal desert plains in the east, hills in the northwest, flat-to-rolling plains in the southwest and highlands in the south and centre.
  2. The total land area of Eritrea is 46,774 square miles (121,144 square kilometres)…
  3. …that’s around half the size of the UK.
  4. Eritrea’s population was roughly 5.32 million in 2019.
  5. …that’s around 1/10th of the UK population!
  6. Residents here are known as Eritreans.
facts about Eritrea

Animal market, Keren, Eritrea

  1. The capital is Asmara; it covers an area of 4,694 square miles (12,158 square kilometres) and had a population of 804,000 in 2015.
  2. Eritreans living in the west enjoy a semiarid climate, whilst those in the centre enjoy cooler and wetter weather, and those living along the coast experience a hot, dry, desert type climate.
  3. Eritrea boasts part of the Afar Triangle, also known as the Afar Depression, which is one of the hottest places on Earth!
  1. Despite having such a hot climate, Eritrea is home to elephants, manatees, aardvarks, bushbabies, hares, hedgehogs, panthers, lions, leopards, hyenas, polecats, foxes, wild dogs, donkeys, otters, warthogs, giraffes and gazelles!
  2. Of the 250 species of coral found in Eritrea’s waters, around 20% are endemic and thus aren’t found anywhere else in the world!
Interesting facts about Eritrea

Ghinda, Eritrea

Social intricacies

  1. Eritrea doesn’t actually have an official language, however, Tigrigna, Arabic and English are the most commonly spoken.
  2. Eritrea has been ruled by Italy and the UK, before finally gaining independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
  3. Eritrean Nakfa is the official currency here.
  4. Since gaining independence, Eritrea has had several elections scheduled, but one has never actually been held!
  5. The average life span here is 65.54 years. (2017)

interesting eritrea facts

Industry insights…

  1. Eritrea grows vegetables, lentils, sorghum, cotton, corn, sisal and tobacco; they also rear livestock, including goats, and catch fish.
  2. Its industry consists of food processing, beverages, light manufacturing, clothing, textiles, cement and salt.
  3. The main exports include gold and other minerals, livestock, textiles, food, sorghum and small manufactures.

Do you know any interesting or fun facts about Eritrea that we’ve missed? Share them here in the comments section below!

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