The capital is Zagreb; it covers an area of 247 square miles (641 square kilometres) and had a population of 803,900 in 2018.
Zagreb used to be known by the name Agram.
Croatians enjoy a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters.
In fact, with around 2,700 hours of sunshine a year, Croatians enjoy almost as many hours of sunshine as Sydney, Australia!
Croatia is said to be home to the smallest town in the world; with a population of just 17, the tiny and ancient town of Hum was first mentioned in documents in 1102AD!
Zlatni Rat beach on the island of Brac is famous for its changing shape and color, which is dependent on the wind – amazing!
More than 10% of the land in Croatia is made up of nature parks and reserves!
Vinkovci in eastern Croatia is one of the oldest towns in Europe, having been continuously inhabited for more than 8,000 years!
After World War 2, Croatia, along with the present day countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia was formally part of Yugoslavia.
Croatia was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic Age. The Croats then arrived in the 6th Century.
Croatia was internationally recognized as an independent state on the 7th of June, 879.
Tomislav became the first king in 925, making Croatia a kingdom.
After years under different rules including the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Croatia finally gained its full independence on the 25th of June, 1991.
Trogir, Adriatic Sea, Croatia
Zagreb became the capital of the Balkan country in April 1941.
The Pula Arena in Pula, Croatia is the only remaining Roman amphitheatre in the world to maintain its four side towers. It is one of the remaining three pieces of Roman architecture to keep its architectural integrity. It’s the 6th biggest amphitheatre in existence.
The city of Dubrovnik, had one of the first medieval sewer systems in Europe.
Vinkovci in eastern Croatia is one of the oldest towns in Europe – it’s been constantly inhabited for more than 8,000 years!
Thanks to the English poet Lord Byron, Dubrovnik was known as the “Adriatic Pearl” in the early 19th Century.
Every first weekend in August since 1715, the Croatian town of Sinj hosts a knight tournament named Sinjska Alka. It’s a tournament of chivalry, where knights ride horses along the main street, aiming lances at an iron ring.
The Croatian military first wore knotted neckties in the 1600s, thus many historians believe the necktie was invented in Croatia.
Visovac Island, Croatia
The official language of Croatia is Croatian.
“Our Beautiful Homeland” or in Croatian “Lijepa naša domovino” is the Croatian anthem.
Ensure you change your spending money into Croatian Kuna (HRK) if you plan on purchasing some paški sir (cheese) or salata od hobotnice (octopus salad)!
The currency was named after the pine-marten, because, in the past, pine marten’s fur was used for trading.
Croatia is ranked 4th in the world for alcohol consumption per capita.
Croatians live for an average of 78.07 years (2018).
It is thought that the necktie is a Croatian invention, with the Croatian military first wearing knotted neckties in the 1600’s!
There are nearly as many Croatians living outside of the country as there are living in the country.
If you want to call a friend in Croatia, you’ll need to use the international country code: +385.
Dalmatia Sea, Croatia
Wine is made in Croatia thanks to the Greeks’ influence from two and a half thousand years ago.
There are 41,188 winemakers and vineyards covering 20,885 hectares of land in Croatia.
Croatian innovator, Slavoljub Penkala, invented the very first mechanical pencil. The name pen comes from his surname.
Croatia grows corn, wheat, sunflower seed and sugar beet; they also rear livestock.
Its industry consists of chemicals and plastics, fabricated metal, electronics and machine tools.
The main exports consist of textiles, transport equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals and fuels.
Dubrovnik was the main film location for King’s landing in the popular HBO show Game of Thrones.
While the popular film Mamma Mia 2 takes place in the Greek Isles, it was actually filmed on the Croatian Island, Vis.
According to Alfred Hitchcock, the seaside in the city of Zadar in Dalmatia holds the title of the best sunset in the world.
Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night was set in Dalmatia, a historical region located on the east shore of the Adriatic Sea, in Croatia.
Croatia is the home of the popular Dalmatian dog breed. The breed dates back to the 17th The Dalmatian coast is named after the breed.
There are names of two Croatian’s on the map of the Moon. Scientists J.R. Boskovik and A.Mohorovicic.
Nikola Tesla was born in the northern Adriatic region of Lika.
The world’s first torpedo was constructed by Rijeka native, Ivan Lupis.
Croatian Bank Notes – The Croatian Kuna (HRK)
On the Island of Susak, in Kvarner, women are known for wearing the shortest folk costumes in Europe.
Giancarlo Zigante found a white truffle weighing 1.31 kg (2 lb 8 oz) in a town in Eastern Croatia in 1999 and holds the Guinness World Record of the biggest white truffle.
The 108 meters high Zagreb Cathedral on Kaptol is the largest building in Croatia.
The most famous beach in Croatia is in Bol, which is on the island of Brac. The Golden Horn (or Zlatni Rat in Croatan) is known to change in shape and color depending on the wind.
Do you know any interesting or fun facts about Croatia that we’ve missed? Share them here in the comments section below!