Depression is a quite common mood disorder. Unfortunately, it’s often misinterpreted as just feeling sad, when, in fact, it’s a complex medical condition caused by a mixture of factors, including genetic, biological, psychological, and environmental triggers.
Depression can interfere with your daily work, with your relationship with other people, and even cause some chronic health conditions. Therefore it shouldn’t be taken lightly! Here are 15 interesting facts about depression that’ll teach us to treat it with caution and care…
1. Depression on a global scale
Globally, more than 264 million people, regardless of culture, age, gender, religion, race, or economic status, suffer from depression.
2. Depression doesn’t always have a ‘good’ reason
Why do people become depressed? Even though sometimes it seems like people get depressed for a ‘good’ reason-they’ve lost their job or their close friend passed away- with clinical depression, there’s no such thing as a ‘good reason’. When it comes to clinical depression there doesn’t necessarily have to be a motive for the way you feel!
3. Depression can be caused by many factors
Even though the causes of depression aren’t completely clear, probably the best explanation is that depression is caused by a combination of factors, such as a fundamental genetic tendency towards the condition and specific environmental factors that can act as triggers.
Other factors related to depression involve brain chemistry imbalances, hormones, seasonal changes, stress, and trauma.
4. There are more depression triggers than you can imagine!
Depression can be triggered by the loss of a loved one, trauma and abuse, chronic stress, and big life changes. Scientists believe that the high levels of the hormone cortisol that are secreted during these stressful, traumatic times are to blame.
5. Depression risks
The risk of depression is increased if you have a parent and grandparent with depression, which suggests that genetics plays a big role. Also, if there’s a history of substance use, the rates of depression are higher.
6. Depression is quite serious
Depression is a serious mood disorder. Loss of one’s interest in things it used to enjoy, weight change, difficulty sleeping or oversleeping, loss of energy, feelings of insignificance, and thoughts of death or suicide are just a few of the depressive episode’s symptoms.
7. Really, it can be pretty severe!
Depression is one of the most devastating conditions in the world, with severe depression ranked in the same incapacity category as terminal stage cancer.
8. US adults and adolescents suffering from depression
In The US, 17.3 million adults have had at least one major depressive episode (7.1% of all US adults).
As for adolescents, in the US, 3.2 million have had at least one major depressive incidence (13.3% of the US population aged 12 to 17).
9. Depression can lead to disability
In the US, depression is the primary reason for disability among people between the ages of 15 and 44.
10. Anxiety is a close relative to depression
Anxiety and depression illnesses are closely related. Nearly 50% of the people suffering from depression also have an anxiety disorder.
11. Gender-wise depression
Men are twice less likely to be diagnosed with depression than women.
12. Depression has many forms
Depression comes in many different forms, like persistent depressive disorder (also known as dysthymia) which is a continuous long-term, chronic form of depression, postpartum depression, psychotic depression, seasonal affective disorder, and major depression.
13. The benefit of prevention programmes
Prevention programmes have been very successful in decreasing depression. Active community methods to prevent depression involve school-based programmes enhancing positive thinking in children and adolescents. Also, interventions for parents of children with behavioural problems may diminish parental depressive symptoms and improve the outcomes for their children.
14. Depression can be diagnosed and treated
Luckily, there are actual treatments for mild and severe depression, but health-care providers should keep in mind the possible adverse effects related to antidepressant medication. Diverse psychological healings include individual and/or group face-to-face psychological treatments provided by professionals.
15. In fact, depression has more than one treatment
There’s no such thing as ‘one-size-fits-all’ when it comes to treating depression, but usually, the treatments involve antidepressant medications, traditional forms of psychotherapy, or electroconvulsive therapy.
FAQs about Depression
Are men more depressed than women?
Some studies suggest yes - as explored above, they are twice as likely to get a diagnosis. However, in a study from 2007 to 2011, twice as many women than men were prescribed anti depressants. These were sometimes in addition to other treatments.
Are chromosomes predisposing more women to be depressed than men?
Studies show women internalize problems more than men. Men tend to externalize problems, too. However, studies are still inconclusive thus far!
Do hormones affect depression?
In some cases most certainly! Data confirms that some phases in the lives of females directly correlate to some incidences of depression (such as during menstruation, and during the menopause).
Do you know any interesting facts about depression? Share them in the comments below!
If you’re feeling depressed and want to talk with someone, the Samaritans are waiting for your call. Call 116 123 for free in the UK or 1 (800) 273-TALK in the USA.