interesting facts about Guinea

10 Glorious Facts about Guinea

Guinea is one of those countries we tend to hear about a lot! Nothing dramatic, it’s just that there’s Papua New Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, New Guinea… they seem to be everywhere! But today, we focus on the original Guinea. Here are some fun facts about Guinea – the real deal – that you’re likely going to remember for some time.

1. What’s with the name?

As mentioned above, many know Guinea under multiple names! Officially though, the country is known as the Republic of Guinea. That being said, if you mention Guinea, most do tend to assume that it is the Republic of Guinea that you’re referring to! Guinea-Bissau and Papua New Guinea are completely different territories. In fact, Guinea-Bissau is very close by!

2. Where is Guinea?

Guinea is on the western coast of Africa. It shares its borders with Guinea-Bissau (as mentioned), Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. It’s a pretty central starting point if you’d like to explore multiple African territories at once.

3. Conakry’s the place to be!

Conakry is the capital and also the largest city of Guinea! It serves as the economic, political, and cultural center of the country. There’s said to be more than two million people living in the city as-is, which means roughly a seventh of the country’s population resides there.

Flag of Guinea

Flag of Guinea

4. It’s an independent country.

Guinea officially gained independence from France on October 2, 1958! In so doing, it became the first French-speaking country in Sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence. Way to be trendsetters, Guinea!

5. What do people usually speak in Guinea?

Despite having gained independence from France, the official language of Guinea remains French. However, there are over 24 ethnic languages spoken throughout the country, including Malinke and Soussou. However, as long as you know at least a little French, you should get by perfectly fine! Time to get on Duolingo then…

6. It’s a highly musical nation!

Guinea is known for having a rich cultural heritage, with entertainment playing a huge part in the national identity. Music and dance specifically play a significant role in Guinean culture, with the country known for its vibrant drumming displays and colorful festivals – which many recommend as among some of the boldest and brightest on the planet. Give them a look!

7. How does Guinea make its money?

Guinea’s economy is based primarily on agriculture and mining. It is one of the world’s leading producers of bauxite, used in the production of aluminum. Digging deep is fairly popular out here, then!

8. It’s a nation of natural wealth.

Guinea has abundant natural resources, including gold, diamonds, iron ore, uranium, and oil! However, despite its abundant resources, the country faces significant economic and social challenges.

facts about Guinea

Kindia, Guinea

9. How’s the weather down there?

Guinea has a tropical climate, with a wet and dry season. The country experiences high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. So, any time during the year is the perfect time to visit – provided you’re happy to contend with average temperatures hitting the mid to high 70s!

10. UNESCO has Guinea on their map.

Guinea is known for its stunning landscapes! These include the Fouta Djallon highlands, the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, which happens to be a UNESCO World Heritage site, and the scenic coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.

Fouta Djallon highlands, Guinea

FAQs about Guinea

Is Guinea the smallest country in Africa?

No, despite its small size, Guinea is not the smallest country in Africa! The Seychelles is the smallest African nation overall. However, Gambia holds the accolade as the smallest continental country in Africa.

Why are there four countries called Guinea?

Since European colonizers divided certain African countries, many claimed their own Guinea. So, there was French Guinea (now known as Guinea), Spanish Guinea (which is now known as Equatorial Guinea), and Portuguese Guinea (which became Guinea-Bissau). Confused? We don't blame you!

What are people from Guinea called?

People from Guinea are known as Guineans! As of 2021, 13.53 million people were living in Guinea!

Further reading:

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This page was last modified on July 26, 2023. Suggest an edit

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