Milan has it all, from the glamorous world of fashion and design, professional football teams, to amazing Catholic cathedrals! And let’s not forget the popular Ambrosian (or Milanese) chants that are more commonly known as the basis of our modern musical scale system. Impressive, right!
Put on your most stylish clothes and take a quick stroll around the fashion capital of the world with these 43 interesting facts about Milan…
Milan is the second-largest Italian city and the economic capital of Italy.
Before becoming Italy’s industrial, commercial, and fashion capital, Milan was in the hands of Celts, Romans, Goths, Lombards, Spaniards, and Austrians.
The earliest settlement on the site of Milan was founded around 600 BC by the Gauls.
This settlement in the following centuries became the capital of the Celtic population Insubres that lived on the north side of the River Po.
At the time of the Roman conquest in 222 BC, Mediolanum, or “sanctuary” as it was then called was already one of the most powerful cities of the region.
Under the emperor Augustus, the city acquired increasing prestige becoming the second city of the Empire, behind Rome.
In the 3rd century AD, the city was assigned as a residence and main administrative centre for the emperor in the West.
Emperor Constantine I affirmed the city as the seat of the vicar of Italy. Attila the Hun devastated the city in the year 452, and in 539 the Goths destroyed it.
Milan was conquered by the Ostrogoths, in 569 by a Germanic tribe, and by Charlemagne and the Franks in 774.
Each year on the 7th of December, Milan celebrates its “City Day” in tribute of the patron Saint of Milan, Saint Ambrose.
In the 16th century, the production of luxury goods in the area was so amazing, that the city took the English word “milaner” meaning fine wares and luxury apparel, as its name.
Built in 1778, the leading opera house and ballet theatre in Italy was named: La Scala!
Milan is home to La Scala, La Scala Theatre Chorus, La Scala Theatre Ballet, La Scala Theatre Orchestra, and a Theatre Academy too.
In August 1796, Napoleon and Josephine stayed in the famous Milan’s Palazzo Serbelloni for 3 months.
Napoleon created the Kingdom of Italy and was crowned King in the Milan Cathedral in 1805.
Established in 1807, the Milan Conservatory was built on the premises of an ancient monastery, and it still hosts many renowned concert series each year.
In 1833, Giuseppe Verdi came to Milan to enter the Conservatory, but he wasn’t accepted. Now, the Milan Conservatory bears the name of the great “rejected” composer.
AC Milan stands for Associazione Calcio Milan, a professional football club based in Milan established in December 1899.
In January 1990, AC Milan won the King’s Medal Trophy, and they won three national leagues in 1901, 1906, and 1907.
Internazionale Milano, or Inter Milan, also considers Milan as its home. They split away from the AC Milan Football Club in 1908 and took the name Internazionale because the founding members insisted on forming a truly international team!
Inter Milan has another nickname, nerazzurri, which comes from the Italian words for black and blue!
Giorgio Muggiani designed the logo of Inter Milan, with black and azure colours set against a background of stars, meaning “we are brothers of the world.”
The Derby Della Madonnina, also known as the Milan derby is a football match between Inter and AC, the two rival Milanese clubs.
The Derby Della Madonnina took its name in honour of the Virgin Mary statue that is on top of the Milan Cathedral.
The Milan Cathedral construction lasted for nearly 500 years.
Milan’s Cathedral, also known as the Duomo di Milano, is the second-largest cathedral in the world covering over 100,000 square feet!
The Cathedral has more statues than any other building in the world, 3,400 statues, 135 gargoyles, and 700 figures.
Sometimes a red light bulb marks the apse in the Milan Cathedral that shows a spot where one of the nails from Jesus’ crucifixion was supposedly placed.
In the Church of the Renaissance Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, you can see the mural painting “The last supper” by Leonardo da Vinci.
The Pirelli Tower in Milan is the first skyscraper ever built in Italy.
Milan was one of the few European cities that weren’t affected by the plague in the XIV century.
All the most famous works of Leonardo da Vinci are stored in the National Museum of Science and Technology.
Milan became the focal point of opera during the Austrian rule.
The trolleybus system in Milan characterises a ring around the centre of the city, which has branches to the suburbs.
During the Second World War, Milan was subjected to carpet bombing, raids were almost continuous, and Milan was covered with a huge number of bombs.
In the 19th century, Milan became a large production centre in textiles.
Milan’s fashion week show was established in 1958, and it’s part of the global “Big Four fashion weeks”.
In the 1960s Milan emerged as one of the fashion capitals of the world.
2009 marks the year that Milan officially took the title of Fashion Capital of The World.
The first major department store Alle Città d’Italia was opened in 1865.
In the 20th century, Milan had a growing number of fabulous designers.
The Ambrosian chants of Milan are among the very first codified music that led to the development of scales.
One of the oldest secular traditions of Italians is one of the aperitifs. Almost all Milan’s cafes and bars offer an aperitif usually between 19:00–21:00. Saluti!!
Do you have any interesting or fun facts about Milan that we’ve missed? Share them here in the comments section below!