The Gulf of Mexico is one of the most beautiful corners of the world, and yet most of us only know about the tourist hotspots it has to offer. Well, those days are finally over with these 16 interesting facts about the Gulf of Mexico – just what you need to liven up your day!
It’s the 9th largest body of water in the world.
The Gulf covers 600,000 square miles and is bordered by
the U.S, Mexico, and Cuba. There are 3,540 miles of coastline, plus the 236 miles around Cuba.
It was formed when continental plates collided 300 million years ago.
The sea floor then sank to create the rest of it, with half of it still largely made up of shallow waters sitting on top of continental shelves.
The deepest point is a trench that’s 14,383 ft to the bottom.
Amerigo Vespucci was the first European to explore the Gulf, doing so in 1497.
It contains 5 million acres of wetland that’s home to thousands of species of fish and birds.
During peak migration season there will be hundreds of millions of birds in the air above the Gulf each day.
Sea Turtle, Gulf of Mexico
29 marine species call the Gulf home, including sperm
whales and bottlenose dolphins. There are 5 species of endangered
sea turtle currently still in the Gulf. They tend to try and stay away from the 49 species of bloodthirsty sharks that are on the move all the time!
Brown Pelicans, Gulf of Mexico
Seaweed patches grow so large you can see them from
space. 60% of all
brown pelican breeding takes place on the Mexican Gulf Coast.
Coral reef patches are common off the coast of Florida and grow by up to 7 inches a year. They are home to more than 6,000 species including fish, starfish and sea cucumbers.
Do you know any interesting or fun facts about the Gulf of Mexico that we’ve missed? Share them here in the comments section below!