Downtown Ulaanbaatar

🇲🇳 14 Unbelievable Facts about Ulaanbaatar

Like to know a little more about the capital cities of the world and better your chances of being crowned the next pub quiz champion? Take a look at these fun facts about Ulaanbaatar!

1. Where on Earth is Ulaanbaatar?

Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia.

2. It’s a bit of a mouthful.

Wondering how to say the name of this wonderful city? It’s pronounced ‘Oo-lan-bah-tar’.

3. It’s absolutely enormous.

The total land area of Ulaanbaatar is 1,816 square miles (4,704 square kilometers)…that’s nearly 5 times the size of Greater Manchester, UK.

Flag of Mongolia

Flag of Mongolia

4. However, there’s lots of wide open space!

Ulaanbaatar’s population was 1.452 million in 2017……that’s roughly half the population of Greater Manchester…and gives it a population density of around 800 residents per square mile.

5. It’s quite a way above the ocean.

Ulaanbaatar is located 4,429 ft above sea level.

6. It’s seriously chilly here.

Mongolians living in Ulaanbaatar enjoy a cold, semi-arid climate with brief warm summers, long cold winters and an average annual temperature of -0.4°C! In fact, Ulaanbaatar is one of the world’s coldest capital cities!

7. Here’s your compass info.

Looking to fly yourself to Ulaanbaatar? You’ll need the coordinates of 47.8864° N, 106.9057° E.

8. The Monasteries in Mongolia are magnificent.

Make sure you visit the Gandan Monastery if you’re in Ulaanbaatar; it’s the largest and most significant monastery in Mongolia and it’s a hive of activity for local residents!

9. Ancient parkland is close by.

Just south of Ulaanbaatar is Bogd Khan, the world’s oldest National Park!

Gandan Monastery

Gandan Monastery

10. It’s technically a moving city!

Thanks to Mongolia’s nomadic past, the location of Ulaanbaatar has actually changed 28 times as residents packed up and moved on as the seasons changed!

11. What do people speak in Ulaanbaatar?

The official language of Ulaanbaatar is Mongolian.

12. Get the local pennies!

Mongolian tögrög is the official currency here.

Terelj, a small settlement in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Terelj, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

13. It’s quietly popular with tourists.

Mongolia welcomed 393,000 tourists into the country in 2014, many of whom visited Ulaanbaatar for its bohemian culture, wild nightlife and delicious cuisine.

14. Tuck in!

The national dish here is mutton dumplings or “buuz”.

Buildings in Ulaanbaatar

FAQs about Ulaanbaatar

Is Ulaanbaatar a safe city to visit?

Generally, yes - but it has had trouble with petty theft, so keep a close eye on your belongings.

Are people in Ulaanbaatar friendly?

Many people will tell you that Mongolians are among the friendliest and most welcoming people on the planet - take a look for yourself!

Is Ulaanbaatar polluted?

Unfortunately, Ulaanbaatar has a big pollution problem - it’s said to be almost 27 times the safe pollution level recommended by the World Health Organisation, making it a huge health hazard.

Do you know any fun facts about Ulaanbaatar? Share them in the comments below!

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This page was last modified on November 15, 2021. Suggest an edit

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