- Madagascar is a large island nation off the southeast coast of Africa.
- Its nearest countries are Comoros and Mayotte to the northwest, Seychelles to the northeast, Reunion and Mauritius to the east and Mozambique to the west.
- The coordinates for Madagascar are 20.0000° S, 47.0000°
Flag of Madagascar
- To call your friends or family in Madagascar, you’ll need the international dialling code which is +261.
- The terrain here is a wonderful mix of narrow coastal plains and high plateaus and mountains in the centre.
- 165 million years ago Madagascar was connected to mainland Africa!
- The total land area of Madagascar is 226,658 square miles (587,041 square kilometres).
- This makes Madagascar the 4th largest island in the world, behind Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo! (Note: Australia is not included as it is defined as a continent, not an island).
- Madagascar’s population was 26.26 million in 2018.
- The capital is Antananarivo – it covers an area of 34 square miles (88 square kilometres) and has a population of 1.3 million (2019).
- The average life span here is 66.31 years (2017).
- Amazingly, the majority of the reptiles (95%), mammals (92%) and plants (89%) found in Madagascar are not found anywhere else on Earth!
- There are more than 100 species and sub-species of lemur found in Madagascar! They are considered sacred and there are also many myths surrounding the relationship between humans and lemurs.
- The climate is tropical along the coast, temperate inland and arid in the south.
- The official languages of Madagascar are Malagasy and French.
- Madagascar is often referred to as the ‘Red island’ due to the unique colour of its soil.
- Amazingly, only 11% of the roads in Madagascar are paved! The rest are mainly dusty tracks.
- Malagasy Ariary is the official currency here.
- Madagascar grows coffee, vanilla, cloves and sugarcane, rears livestock, catches fish and produces livestock products.
- Its industry consists of soap, breweries, meat processing and tanneries.
- Madagascar also exports coffee, vanilla, sugar, shellfish, cotton cloth, petroleum products and chromite.
Do you know any fun or interesting facts about Madagascar? Share them here in the comments section at the bottom of this page!