Saudi Arabia’s population 2017 was 32.94 million people.
The capital and largest city in 2011 was Riyadh, with a population of 5.451 million.
Flag of Saudi Arabia
Other large cities include Jeddah, with a population of 3.578 million and Makkah (Mecca), with 1.591 million inhabitants.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is almost entirely the creation of King Ibn Saud (1882–1953). He united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud.
On 23rd September, 1932, King Abdulaziz announced Saudi Arabia as a kingdom and every anniversary of this date is a national day; in 2020, the country will celebrate its 90th Saudi National Day.
The currency here is called the Saudi Riyal.
The Rub Al-Khali, in the southern part of the country, is the largest sand desert in the world.
There are mountain ranges of over 9,000 feet in the southwest region.
From June through to August, the temperature can reach over 33 degrees Celsius (110 degrees Fahrenheit) in the desert! Hot stuff!
There is no flowing water in this country, but there is a manmade lake in the north-western part of the country called Dumat Al-Jandal; although you can’t drink the water as it’s too polluted, you can take a dip and participate in water sports and it’s beneficial for wildlife, plants and agricultural land.
Most of the fresh water here comes from desalinization plants or underground reservoirs.
Nabawi Mosque, Madina, Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia’s 12 months of the Islamic lunar year are: Muharram, Safar, Rabi’ Al-Awal, Rabi’ Al-Akher, Jumada Al-Awal, Jumada Al-Akher, Rajab, Sha’ban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhu Al-Qadah and Dhu Al-Hajjah .
Upon its discovery during WW2 in 1936, the commercial production of oil began and the wealth it generated enabled the country to provide free health care and education to its people, without collecting any taxes from them either – brilliant!
Want to call your family in Saudi Arabia? You’ll need to use the international dialling code +966.
Do you know any interesting facts about Saudi Arabia we’ve not mentioned? Let us know in the comments section below!