That makes it the 17th largest nation in the world!
Much of Libya lies within the Sahara desert* – in fact, almost 90% of the country is desert, so the majority of people live in coastal cities such as Tripoli and Benghazi.
*The Libyan Desert forms the north-east section of the Sahara Desert. As well as Libya, it extends through to Sudan and Egypt and covers an area of approximately 424,712 square miles (1,100,000 square kilometres).
Libya’s population was 6.679 million in 2018…
…that’s around 1/10th of the population of the UK!
Residents here are known as Libyans.
The capital is Tripoli; it covers an area of 154.4 square miles (400 square kilometres) and had a population of 2.358 million in 2018.
Libyans enjoy a mediterranean climate along the coastline, changing to a desert climate further inland.
The official language of Libya is Arabic.
Libya has a rich and varied history that dates back to the 7th Century BC when the Phoenicians settled in Tripolitania (Western Libya); before this, the area was populated by Berbers.
Libyan Dinar is the official currency here.
The Romans conquered Libya in 74BC and even today some of the ruins of the ancient port and city Leptis Magna, including an amphitheatre and forum, still exist, as do other ruins, including a Greek temple.