Interesting facts about Somalia

🇸🇴 16 Interesting Facts about Somalia

Looking to increase your chances of being crowned the next pub quiz team winners? Brush up on your knowledge of Africa, starting with these 16 interesting facts about Somalia!

  1. Somalia, officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a semi-arid land in the Horn of Africa which lies along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
  2. The coordinates for Somalia are 2.0333° N, 45.3500° E.
  3. The formal name of the country has changed from Somali Democratic Republic to Federal Republic of Somalia.
  4. It has a total area of 246,201 square miles (637,657 square kilometers), which is slightly smaller than Texas
  5. …and a population of 15.01 million people (2018).
  6. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent’s mainland.
  7. Somalia is flat in the south but go north and you’ll see mountains that reach more than 6,500 feet (2,000 meters).
Flag of Somalia

Flag of Somalia

  1. The capital of Somalia is Mogadishu, known locally as ‘Xamar’. The city has a total area of 340 square miles (1,657 square kilometers) and a population of 2.5 million (2019).
  2. In 2016 Somalia had an average life expectancy of 56.29 years.
  3. The currency here is called the Somali Shilling (SOS).
  4. The official languages are Somali and Arabic whilst English and Italian are second languages.
  1. Ancient rock paintings, dating back 5000 years, have been found in the northern part of Somalia. Laas Geel complex is the most famous, containing some of the earliest rock paintings on the continent.
  2. Shebelle (702 miles/1,130 kilometers) and Juba (624 miles/ 1,004 kilometers) are Somalia’s two main rivers.
  3. Agriculturally Somalia produces bananas, corn, sorghum (type of grain), coconuts, cattle and also fish.
  4. The country exports livestock, hides, fish, bananas and charcoal.
  5. Somalia’s international dialling code is +252.

Rich in history and full of bananas and coconuts, Somalia sounds like a very interesting (and delicious) country!

Do you know any fun facts about Somalia?  Share them in the comments below!

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This page was last modified on November 16, 2021. Suggest an edit

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