The capital is Vientiane; it covers an area of 1,514 square miles (3,920 square kilometres) and had a population of 997,000 in 2015.
Laotians enjoy a tropical monsoon climate with a dry season from December to April and a rainy season from May to November.
Laos boasts a variety of wildlife, including elephants, turtles, rhinos, tigers, tortoises, snakes, leopards, gibbons, pheasants and even beetles!
The Khone Phapheng waterfall on the Mekong River is the widest waterfall in the world, measuring up to 14km (8.7 miles) wide during the monsoon season!
The official language of Laos is Lao, although French and English are also spoken here, amongst lesser known ethnic languages.
If you fancy a drop or two of Lao Lao (rice whisky), you’ll need to exchange your spending money for Laotian Kip, the official currency here.
Laotians live for an average of 64 years.
In Luang Prabang, bars and restaurants close at 11.30pm every night and most guesthouses operate a midnight curfew for tourists; this is in place so that locals and visitors can rise early in the morning to distribute alms (offerings such as money or food) to the monks!
Laos grows vegetables, sweet potatoes, tobacco, cotton, peanuts, corn and coffee; they also rear water buffalo, cattle, poultry and pigs here.
Its industry consists of timber, copper mining, tin mining, gypsum mining, tourism, agricultural processing and electric power.