If you’ve never swum deep into the oceans before, you may not have come across gorgeous coral reefs. These natural ‘sea forests’ are hugely important to the lives of millions of aquatic life swimming in and out of their various nooks and crannies.
Sadly, they are under threat now more so than ever before. Here are some seriously interesting facts about coral reefs…
1. Coral isn’t what you think it is
Coral isn’t actually a plant – it’s more of an animal! They actually share plenty in common with various animals of the deep, such as sea anemones.
2. Lives depend on coral reefs!
Coral reefs are home to extremely diverse ecosystems of creatures. However, the diversity of a reef will differ depending on the direction water is going in, and where the reef is actually based in the world. No two are ever quite the same!
3. Coral reefs go on for miles, and miles, and miles, and…
Coral reefs are massive. They are, in fact, thought to be the largest type of natural structure on Earth.
4. Coral reefs are in danger
It’s thought that almost 20% of the world’s coral reefs have died as a result of human poisoning.
5. Coral reefs are seriously old!
They’ve been part of the planet for over 400 million years. Considering we’ve been here for around two million of those, it’s probably time we showed the reefs some respect!
6. Coral reefs are eye-catching for a reason
Coral reefs are bursting with fantastic color. That’s thanks to the algae that live within. They help to provide crucial food to coral.
7. The water around coral reefs is lovely
Reefs are also fantastic at helping to improve water quality. This means that they act as ocean filters! It’s great news for species that live nearby, as well as any human swimmers!
8. Coral reefs can help us, too!
It’s emerging that coral reefs can be safely harvested to help produce human medicine. Research into coral suggests that it can help to aid bacterial infection and even psychological disorders.
9. The biggest coral reef in the world is a whopper
10. The Great Barrier Reef is a massive employer
It’s a real job provider. Believe it or not, the Great Barrier Reef helps to generate over $5.5 billion per year to the Australian economy.
11. Coral reefs split into different types
There are three main types of reef. There are barrier reefs, atolls, and fringing reefs.
12. We’d notice if coral reefs vanished!
If coral reefs were to disappear, it wouldn’t just be marine life that suffers. Humans would feel the impact – as mentioned, jobs would be lost, huge amounts of tourism would disappear, and we’d even lose access to a massive food source.
13. Coral reefs HATE pollution
You can generally split coral into soft or hard types. However, all coral is very sensitive, which is why pollution is so devastating. Even a slight increase in temperature can kill off coral.
Coral reefs will be crucial in the fight against global warming, too. These huge living forests provide an incredible amount of CO2 to the oceans, but at the same time, they are brilliant regulators. Without them, things would hot up a lot quicker.
Do you know any fun facts about coral reefs? Share them in the comments below!
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