On this day
Augustus made a crucial move.
In 43 BC, Octavian, known as Augustus, compelled the Roman Senate to elect him as Consul! He was quite persuasive – and he's largely regarded as one of the founding members of the dominating Roman Empire.
The Dieppe raid unfolded.
In 1942, over 4,000 soldiers, both Canadian and British, were killed, wounded, or captured. This occurred during the raiding of Dieppe in France – it was also known as Operation Jubilee, and was an attempt to attack German forces via the sea.
A coup d’état shook the Soviet Union
In 1991, conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union tried to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d’état! However, Gorbachev survived the attempt – he’d remain in office until August of the next year, when he was succeeded briefly by Vladimir Ivashko until the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was abolished.
Special Days Falling on August 19thEvery August 19th, nations around the world take the time to celebrate momentous events in their histories, cultures, and movements that affect us all. Here are some of the most important holidays that take place today!
Afghanistan Independence Day
Every August 19th, Afghanistan celebrates its Independence Day! Oddly enough, however, it was never officially a part of the British Empire. So, instead, the country celebrates their freedom from British influence and the treaty of Rawalpindi, which declared the independence and sovereignty of Afghanistan. Every year, there are speeches, military displays, dances, and, of course, the displaying of the national flag all over the country!
International Orangutan Day
Today is also an important day for the animal kingdom. International Orangutan Day is a day we take to celebrate these intelligent primates who are threatened by human devastation. Due to hunting and deforestation, these wonderful animals are losing their homes and habitats. So, we must do all we can to protect them and their homes and ensure their survival!
World Humanitarian Day
This holiday was first created by the UN in 2009 to acknowledge all humanitarian aid workers worldwide. It also is a day to commemorate the bombing of the UN headquarters in Iraq – as during the incident, 22 people died. Humanitarians provide help to people all over the world, expecting nothing in return. These brave people do whatever they can to help their fellow people in plight – and they deserve much more than a single day of support!