In this year
January 16th, 1991 officially marked the start of the First Gulf War, as the United Nations’ deadline for Iraq to remove troops from Kuwait had officially expired, and Operation Desert Storm launched against Iraq with air strikes. Iraq would retaliate the following day by attacking Israel with scud missiles.
As of February 16th, 1991, the Council of Lithuania finally declared the country’s independence. In so doing, they brought an end to decades of Soviet oversight – another indication that the USSR was finally coming to an end. The moment became part of what was known as the Singing Revolution.
Albanian citizens celebrated being able to vote in democratic multi-party elections for the first time since 1923, ending 70 years of one-party rule. The vote would lead the Party of Labour of Albania to win the ballot by a landslide.
April 1991 proved to be a dramatic month for global trading, as it not only saw the opening of Poland’s Warsaw Stock Exchange on April 12th, but also the Dow Jones Industrial Average peaking above 3,000 at close for the first time in history. It was a good time to get into stocks, it seems!
Édith Cresson became the first-ever female prime minister of France. However, she only remained prime minister until 1992, when her career ended in a scandal of corruption charges. The charges were from when she was the European Commissioner for Research, Science, and Technology. Still – her claiming the role of PM was still a major moment for political equality!
Mount Unzen erupted in Japan. This natural disaster killed 46 people due to pyroclastic flow, fast-moving waves of hot gas, and volcanic matter.
In the US, telephone services failed in Pittsburgh, San Francisco, and Washington DC. The services failed as a result of an error emanating from a software bug. It’s thought that more than 12 million customers were affected. Little wonder then, that traditional phone lines are being phased out!
The internet as we know it was pretty much born as of August 6th, 1991. While many people had access to communications relays through rudimentary internet access, CERN’s Tim Berners-Lee announced he would launch the “World Wide Web” project, bringing international connectivity.
In a landmark registration day for the United Nations, seven different territories all joined the UN roster – Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, South Korea, and even North Korea all joined the body on September 17th, 1991.
October 15th saw a major change at the top of US legislation, when controversial justice Clarence Thomas officially took over Thurgood Marshall’s seat on the Supreme Court, following the latter’s retirement.
Freddie Mercury, celebrated frontman and songwriter for British rock band Queen, died from pneumonia as a result of AIDS on November 24th. The star’s passing would not only shake the entertainment world, but would also bring the frightening reality of HIV and AIDS back into public discussion.
Following a year of dramatic referendums surrounding the future of the Soviet Union, then-Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev resigned on Christmas Day 1991, in anticipation of the USSR dissolving completely. He was right to do so – as the Union effectively dissolved the very next day, on December 26th, 1991.
1991 was the year of the…
Like 1967, 1979, 2003, and 2015, 1991 celebrated Goats all over the world, according to traditions outlined through the Chinese zodiac. People born in Goat years are said to be very kind, helpful, empathic, quiet, creative, and sincere. The next Goat year won't be until 2027, so you’ve plenty of time to plan ahead for any bleaters in your life!