On this day
Napoleon became a dictator.
In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte launched and succeeded in a coup for power. In so doing, he became France’s dictator under the title of First Consul. As many of you might already know, he would go on to live in exile after a string of defeats.
Wilhelm II abdicated.
Following Germany’s defeat in World War I, Emperor Wilhelm II abdicated on this day in 1918. The Weimar Republic of Germany was then proclaimed. However, years of financial decline as a result of war reparations helped to pave the way for Adolf Hitler and his Nazi party, thus leading to the atrocities that sparked World War II.
Kasparov made chess history.
On November 9th, 1985, Russian chess master Gary Kasparov ensured that his name would go down in history – as he became the world's youngest-ever chess champion at the age of 22 years old, beating Anatoly Karpov at the 13th World Chess Championship.
Special Days Falling on November 9thNovember 9th is also a day for celebration! Here are some of the biggest celebrations taking place around the world today.
Brian Holland Legacy Day
Today honors the remarkable Brian Holland, a famous community leader and founder of the Brian Holland Legacy Foundation. The foundation’s goal was to provide support for members of the LGBTQ+ community, promote equality, invest in the arts and education, and foster a sense of community everywhere. If you care deeply about civil rights – or demand equality for all in any shape or form – today’s a great day to look into Holland’s work and to celebrate.
Cambodia Independence Day
Every November 9th is also Cambodia Independence Day. The day commemorates the moment Cambodia became independent from France in 1953. Celebrations take place all over the country, but the main event takes place at the Independence Monument, in Phnom Penh. It’s here where an official steps forward to light a special flame toward the middle of the Independence Monument – and the stairs leading up to the monument are decorated with flowers.
World Freedom Day
On November 9th, 1989, the Berlin Wall finally came down, reuniting East and West Germany after decades of turmoil. The wall that had once separated loved ones and kept a nation torn in two was brought down in a moment that will live on in history forever – and today, we celebrate the fall of the wall, the rise of democracy, and freedom.