Westminster Abbey remains one of London’s best-loved and most magnificent historical landmarks. It’s a truly spectacular piece of Gothic architecture, and for that reason, millions of people visit each year.
Here are 13 facts about Westminster Abbey you may not already know about!
While Westminster Abbey has roots dating back to the 10th Century, King Henry III helped bring it into prominent use during the 13th Century.
It’s perhaps the most famous Gothic building in the UK – a stunning example of the architectural style dating back centuries.
In fact, it houses the biggest Gothic vault of its kind across the whole of England. It’s 102 feet tall, and you really have to see it in person for the full effect!
Believe it or not, there are around 450 different monuments and tombs in the Abbey. These play host to people who once paid to be buried here! However, it’s more likely you’ll find burial sites of important public figures going back centuries.
The Abbey is also thought to play host to the oldest garden of its kind in England. It was once a monks’ medicinal garden, but nowadays, it’s a fantastic refuge in the city centre.
The Abbey is home to several magnificent chapels. These include the Lady Chapel, otherwise named after King Henry VII. It’s one of the biggest – and tallest – rooms in the building, though other areas such as the Chapel of Our Lady of the Pew is fairly compact.
Despite its name, Westminster Abbey isn’t technically an abbey at all! It’s actually the Collegiate Church of St Peter.
This confusion arises thanks to King Henry VIII, who made sweeping changes to English religion in the 16th Century. After the monasteries were dissolved, the Abbey became a cathedral, then a Royal Peculiar, or a church.
If you know a thing or two about British doors – and why wouldn’t you – you may know that the Abbey is home to the oldest surviving door in the country. It’s thought the last remaining door from Anglo Saxon times still stands here. Incredibly, the door consists of wood from a tree that grew during Roman occupation.
Westminster Abbey is where all English monarch coronations take place. However, this has only been tradition since around 1066, and less than 40 coronations have taken shape here at the time of writing.
The last coronation to take place here was in 1953 – where our reigning Queen, Elizabeth II, took the throne from her father King George VI.
The Abbey is also the main venue for royal weddings. At the time of publication, 17 royal couples have tied the knot here, with the latest being the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge in 2011.
As well as being the burial place for many important figures, it was once the resting site of controversial Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell – he had control of the country at a time when the monarchy was ousted. However, when the monarchy returned to power, they removed his body and affixed his head to a pole outside the grounds! Thankfully, we live in more enlightened times now – and his cranium has vanished.
Do you know any fun or interesting facts about Westminster Abbey? Share them in the comments section below!