The Himalayas are a mountain range in Asia featuring 10 of 14 of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest and K2. This mountain range separates the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. Read on to learn 10 interesting facts about The Himalayan Mountains!
Scientifically proven to be geographically alive with the Indo-Australian plate growing at a 20 mm/year pace, the mountain range is progressively growing in size making it expected that they will be taller with the passing of time.
There are numerous rivers flowing from this mountain range including the Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra, Mekong, Yangtze and the Yellow Rivers. Originating from the Himalayas, these rivers form the supply for three principle river systems in the South East of Asia – Indus, Yangtze and the Ganga-Brahmaputra basins.
Featuring up to 30 peaks towering more than 24000 feet (7315 meters), the Himalayas stand as the world’s highest mountain range. Measuring a width of 200 miles, these mountain ranges have a ground cover of 0.4% of the surface of the Earth.
There are around 40 million people living in the Himalayas despite the sometimes harsh conditions.
Owing to its unique climate and geography, some of the world’s rarest wildlife species reside in the Himalayas. These include the snow leopard, wild goats, musk deer and Tibetan sheep.
The Himalayan mountains extend in to five countries – India, Pakistan, Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan.
Named after Colonel Sir George Everest in 1865 by the surveyor Sir Andrew Waugh in honour of his predecessor, Mount Everest however already had a Tibetan and Sherpa name, “Chomolungma”. This translates as “Mother Goddess of the Earth.”
After the Arctic and Antarctica, the third largest ice deposits in the worldcan be found in the Himalayas.
It was in 1953 that Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay climbed to the summit of Everest, making them the 1st people to ever successfully scale the tallest mountain on Earth.
The Himalayan Mountains have featured in many movies, including “Seven Years in Tibet” (1997), “Everest” (1998 and 2015), “Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls” (1995) and many more.
Do you know any fun facts about the Himalayas? Share them in the comments below!